IVF is an abbreviation for 'in vitro fertilization'. The Latin term "in vitro” literally meaning "in glass". IVF is the process of fertilization by manually combining surgically retrieved eggs and a sperm sample in a laboratory. After 2–5 days, the fertilized embryo(s) are transferred into the uterus.
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If it is necessary to begin with the main question of “What is IVF?”, we may say that the literal definition of in vitro fertilization is “fertilization in a laboratory dish”. The word "in vitro” meaning "in glass" can refer to a test tube or laboratory dish. IVF is a “fertilization” process by retrieving eggs and combining a sperm sample with those eggs manually in a laboratory dish. The last step of the “cycle” is to transfer those fertilized embryos into the uterus. The answer of “how it works?” question is quite simple, however what is more difficult is to wait after this last step. Two weeks after the embryo transfer, a blood test can determine whether transfer resulted in a pregnancy or not.